Phonics - Phase Five
Children entering Phase Five will already be able to read and spell words with adjacent consonants, such as trap, string and flask. They will also be able to read and spell some polysyllabic words (words containing more than one syllable).
In Phase Five, children will learn more graphemes and phonemes. For example, they already know ai as in rain, but now they will be introduced to ay as in day and a-e as in make.
Alternative pronunciations for graphemes will also be introduced, e.g. ea in tea, head and break.
Phoneme means the smallest unit of sound. There are 44 phonemes in English. Phonemes can be put together to make words.
Grapheme means the way of writing down a phoneme. Graphemes can be made up from 1 letter e.g. p, 2 letters e.g. sh, 3 letters e.g. tch or 4 letters e.g ough.
Knowing a GPC (grapheme-phoneme correspondence), means being able to match a phoneme to a grapheme and vice versa.
Blending- This involves looking at a written word, looking at each grapheme and using knowledge of GPCs to work out which phoneme each grapheme represents and then merging these phonemes together to make a word. This is the basis of reading.
Oral Segmenting - This is the act of hearing a whole word and then splitting it up into the phonemes that make it. Children need to develop this skill before they will be able to segment words for spelling.
Segmenting - This involves hearing a word, splitting it up into the phonemes that make it, using knowledge of GPCs to work out which graphemes represent those phonemes and then writing those graphemes down in the right order. This is the basis of spelling.
This Phase typically runs throughout Year One for approximately 30 weeks.
New graphemes for reading
|ay day||oy boy||wh when||a-e make|
|ou out||ir girl||ph photo||e-e these|
|ie tie||ue blue||ew new||i-e like|
|ea eat||aw saw||oe toe||o-e home|
|au Paul||u-e rule|
Teaching alternative pronunciations for graphemes
|i fin find||ow cow blow||y yes by very|
|o hot cold||ie tie field||ch chin school chef|
|c cat cent||ea eat bread||ou out shoulder could you|
|g got giant||er farmer her|
|u but put south||a hat what|